Kafka: Foran Loven - hypertekstualiseret af Elias Ole Tetens Lund
Bevidsthed og etik
Emmanuel Levinas - Where Philosophy and Jewish Ethics Meet. by Tam K. Parker
Much of modern philosophy is what Levinas calls the "philosophy of subjectivity" (Hegel, Husserl). In it, consciousness, or the self, is the starting point for the philosophical endeavor and the basis of reality. In the words of Descartes, cogito ergo sum (I think, therefore I am).
As opposed to this motto of modern philosophy and model of personhood, Levinas offers the Hebrew phrase Hineni (Here I am). This is the response Avraham gives to God when called from the land of Ur and upon Mount Moriah; it is the response Moshe gives to God on Mount Sinai.
According to Levinas, it is the full and responsible response to the call of another—"Here I am"—not the insular workings of the consciousness, that define the human person. Thus for Levinas, the act of conscience makes possible the act of consciousness. Thought, in particular philosophy, derives from the act of responsibility and the ethical relation.